21st Century Skills

Instructional Design especially when considering students in the elementary years needs to find the skills students will need to develop to ‘succeed in the globalised knowledge-based world’ (“21st Century Learning Design,” 2015). It is therefore essential to consider the task and identify the way it links to these skills, which go far beyond the simple use of a screen.

Can Sahin (2009) suggests that instructional design should consider a learner-centred approach that incorporates collaboration and technology to develop a rich learning experience.

These skills are commonly linked into four categories known as the 4 Cs which include collaboration, critical thinking, creativity and communication.”21st Century Learning Design,” (2015) have extended this commonly identified list to assist teachers in the instructional design of their teaching and learning to incorporate these skills effectively to enhance their education and the experience for students.

This list of skills is extended to include both self-regulation and innovative problem solving:

  1. Collaboration
  2. Skilled communication
  3. Knowledge construction
  4. Self-regulation
  5. Real-world problem-solving and innovation
  6. Use of ICT for learning




Can Sahin, M. (2009). Instructional design principles for 21st century learning skills. Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences, 1, 1464 – 1468. DOI: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2009.01.258
Microsoft. (2015 December). 21st Century Learning Design. https://education.microsoft.com/GetTrained/21CLD-3



Hometent Identify the desired resultsgold_nugget


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Curriculum Outcomes


Planning for Inquiry (Kath Murdoch/Kathy Short Inquiry Model)arrows-1577983_960_720

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